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rakesh kumar
rakesh kumar

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List out the checklist things to consideration while deploying your web application in production using docker

Deploying a web application in production using Docker involves several considerations to ensure reliability, security, and performance. Here's a checklist of important things to consider:

1. Infrastructure and Environment:
Choose a reliable infrastructure and cloud provider.
Set up a production-grade container orchestration platform, such as Kubernetes.
Have separate environments for development, testing, and production.
2. Docker Image Best Practices:
Use official base images from trusted sources.
Minimize the number of layers in your Docker image.
Avoid unnecessary tools and packages in the production image.
Keep the image size as small as possible.
3. Container Registry:
Use a secure container registry to store and manage your Docker images.
Implement access controls and authentication for the container registry.
4. Security:
Regularly update base images and dependencies.
Avoid running containers as the root user. Use a non-root user.
Implement least privilege principles for container capabilities.
Scan container images for vulnerabilities using security tools.
5. Networking:
Securely expose only necessary ports in your Dockerfile.
Use Docker networks to isolate containers and control communication.
Implement proper firewall rules for containerized applications.
6. Logging and Monitoring:
Set up centralized logging for containers.
Use monitoring tools to track the performance of your containers.
Implement health checks in your application and configure them in your orchestration tool.
7. Scaling and High Availability:
Plan for horizontal scaling by deploying multiple instances of your application.
Use an orchestration tool to manage load balancing and distribute traffic.
Implement rolling updates for seamless deployments.
8. Resource Limits:
Define resource limits (CPU, memory) for containers to prevent resource contention.
Monitor and adjust resource limits based on application performance.
9. Secrets Management:
Avoid hardcoding sensitive information in Dockerfiles or configuration files.
Use secrets management tools to handle sensitive data securely.
10. Continuous Deployment:
Implement a CI/CD pipeline for automated testing and deployment.
Use version control tags to track releases and rollbacks.
11. Backup and Recovery:
Regularly back up data, configurations, and Docker volumes.
Have a disaster recovery plan in place.
12. Environment Variables:
Use environment variables for configuration, making your application more flexible.
Avoid hardcoding configuration details in the Dockerfile.
13. Documentation:
Document the deployment process, configurations, and any troubleshooting steps.
Include information about dependencies and version compatibility.
14. Testing:
Conduct thorough testing in a production-like environment.
Perform load testing to ensure your application can handle expected traffic.
15. Compliance and Regulations:
Ensure compliance with industry regulations and security best practices.
Implement encryption for sensitive data in transit and at rest.
16. Version Control and Rollbacks:
Use version control for both your application code and infrastructure configurations.
Plan for rollbacks in case of deployment issues.
17. Clean-Up Strategies:
Implement strategies to clean up unused containers, images, and volumes to optimize resources.
Remember that each application may have unique requirements, so adapt this checklist to fit the specific needs and characteristics of your web application. Regularly revisit and update your deployment practices to align with evolving best practices and technologies.

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